How has prudential supervision to be conceived and organized for an emerging single financial market ? This is the concern of the present book which consists in a report prepared by an international group of experts chaired by Professor Jean-Victor Louis and working in the framework of the ECU Institute, based in Lyon. Lire la suite
What are the objectives of prudential control ? Does the new situation deriving from the Single Market directives and the perspective of the Monetary Union require to supplement and co-ordinate the existing system of supervision - a "patchwork of tradition" - in the Member States ? What are the possible orientations to recommend ?
In this book – which includes in a second part reports on the organization of prudential control in each of the twelve Member States, before the widening of the Union, and a report on the United States – the authors explain why they consider that the application of the primary responsibility for solvency questions of the authorities of the Home Country of the institutions, completed by a network of (bilateral) co-operation between authorities, is not possibly able to guarantee the systemic stability which is the main target of supervision, the risks being increased by the expansion of activities at continental dimensions. They believe that some measure of centralization is needed, and therefore compatible with the principle of subsidiarity. This centralization is requested as far as legislation and regulation are concerned but direct responsibilities for the control of larger banks can also be placed in the hands of a central authority. The Maastricht Treaty gives some limited powers and provides for a possible transfer of competences to the European Central Bank. However, the report which states the arguments in favor and against concentration of prudential supervision in the hands of a central bank does not exclude the possibility of creating a specialized authority which could have a larger horizontal competence (conglomerates, securities, insurances) than a central bank. It would be useful to introduce in the treaty at the Intergovernmental Conference of 1996, an enabling clause which would provide for the possible creation of such a specialized authority which should work hand in hand with the European Central Bank.