In Morocco, some African migrants decide to "sign the deportation papers", i.e. to go back home through the assisted voluntary return programmes of the International Organisation for Migration (IOM). Read More
How do migrants decide to go back home through "voluntary" returns? Who encourages them to do so? And how is their removal implemented on the ground? In her book, Anissa Maâ uses sociology and anthropology to examine the assisted voluntary return programmes of the International Organisation for Migration (IOM). Drawing on ethnographic research conducted in Morocco with African migrants and actors assisting them on a daily basis, the author demonstrates that voluntary returns are shaped at the intersection of border violence, local practices of intermediation and the agency of migrants who, in their own words, "sign the deportation". This book reveals the full complexity of an instrument of migration control that is all too often reduced to a disguised form of deportation or promoted as the only possible alternative in a context of border closure.