Sylvie Peperstraete is an art historian specializing in ancient Mesoamerican religions. She was a research fellow, then a postdoctoral researcher, at the Fund for Scientific Research — FNRS. She is now a professor at the Université libre de Bruxelles and a director of studies at the École Pratique des Hautes Études in Paris. She is also a member of the Royal Academy for Overseas Sciences and a scientific collaborator at the Art & History Museum in Brussels. Her research focuses on Aztec religion, which she studies from an interdisciplinary perspective.