Caroline Close is a FRS-FNRS Postdoctoral Researcher at the Université libre de Bruxelles. She is a member of the Centre d'étude de la vie politique (CEVIPOL). Her doctoral dissertation investigated the institutional and sociological causes of parliamentary party dissent. Her main research interests include party organization, intraparty politics, party ideology, and legislative studies. She is also interested in the causes and effects of different forms of democratic innovations.