This book offers an improved understanding of European higher education, both from a scientific and a policy point of view. Lire la suite
The analysis of universities is a topic which attracts more and more attention in social sciences, and especially in economics since the connection between the functioning of higher education and economic growth is increasingly recognized. The various chapters of this book are therefore interesting in a double perspective : from a “pure research” point of view but also, for many of them, from a public policy point of view. This is especially true for the first set of chapters, which focus on the organization of higher education systems, including (i) discussions of pleas for higher inflows of (public and private) money and for institutional reforms to improve their “value for money”; and (ii) evaluations of existing reforms, like the Bologna process which favors compatibility between teaching programmes and the mobility of students. The second set of chapters concerns the positioning of individual higher education institutions, with implications about their strategies stemming from the multi-tasking nature of their mission; and also analyses of individual researcher and student behavior, with an emphasis on topics like the role of career incentives of researchers, the adoption of new technologies by students or the predictability of their success rate. Whether the book takes a “systemic” or an “individual” perspective, it builds on a variety of approaches, from microeconomic theory to empirical methodologies, including econometric analyses as well as evidence collected from surveys.
The contributions presented in this book are samples of outputs from research questions that have been at the heart of a multiuniversity project – with researchers from Université Libre de Bruxelles, Facultés Universitaires Catholiques de Mons, Facultés Universitaires Saint-Louis, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Université de Mons-Hainaut, Universiteit Antwerpen and Université de Toulouse – funded by the Belgian Federal Science Policy Office (under its PAI/IAP Programme).